Government-owned Broadband Networks a Headache for Their Owners

By: Christian R. Cámara | Posted: January 19, 2013 3:55 AM
Christian Cámara

Christian Cámara

Last year, the R Street Institute expressed serious concerns with a proposed government-owned broadband network (GON) project in Southwest Florida.

After attending a public input workshop organized by the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council to discuss plans to establish a GON, we explained how government is fundamentally ill-equipped to manage such networks and keep up with technological advances and the capital investments they demand; how GONs are a drain on taxpayers; and how such GONs -- despite safeguards and good intentions -- undermine competition from private companies that are actually experienced in delivering cutting-edge service and technology, among other things.

Since then, there have been some developments that have validated our concerns.

In a recent paper, Joseph P. Fuhr, a professor at Widener University in Pennsylvania, revealed how the mayor of Davidson, N.C., and the manager of the GON in that city are trying to get their GON out of a financial hole so they can auction it off.

So dire is GON’s financial situation that a quarter of Davidson’s annual city budget goes to keep it afloat -- money that otherwise could be used for roads, public safety and other services. Davidson and nearby Mooresville entered into the broadband business together and established MI-Connection despite warnings from leaders in other cities that the plan was economically unsound and the revenue estimates overly optimistic. According to Fuhr, MI-Connection today has fewer than 15,000 subscribers and a debt topping $81 million -- or $5,400 for each subscriber.

Dumping the GON will not be easy for Davidson and Mooresville. According to Fuhr, “because of bond financing obligations, 2017 is the earliest that the network can be sold.”

A separate GON case gone awry had a better outcome for the local government involved. Here in Florida, the Columbia County Commission voted unanimously to withdraw from the federal stimulus-funded North Florida Broadband Authority (NFBA) this past November. Unlike the Davidson/Mooresville case, Columbia County was not bound by any bond obligations, which made withdrawal much easier.

Initially touted as a means to provide service for the “unserved and underserved” areas of North Central Florida, the NFBA quite simply did not meet its goals. Instead, the NFBA entered areas where high-speed Internet access was already offered by private companies, which put the GON in direct competition with its private counterparts, while doing little to achieve its prime directive.

Commissioners also cited internal issues with the NFBA, including public records requests that went unfulfilled and allegations of wrongdoing that NFBA officials never bothered to disprove.

Lack of transparency appears to be a characteristic of GONs, as officials at the Southwest Florida meeting I attended in September offered few details about policies to protect taxpayers and private job creators as part of their GON project.

The R Street Institute’s long-held position is that consideration for a GON should be limited only to truly unserved or underserved areas, and that if established, it should be treated no differently than its private counterparts.

GONs should be subject to the same laws, rules and regulations, and they should not receive preferential tax treatment, preferential access to rights-of-way or subsidized rates that make them cheaper than private carriers. Most importantly, these networks must not be permitted to compete against private carriers and should include an exit strategy provision to encourage the private sector to eventually enter these areas and better serve residents and taxpayers.

“Free money” from the feds is not reason alone to consider establishing a GON. One speaker at the Columbia County Commission meeting last November put it best: “Federal programs offer a lot on promises and are short on delivery.”

Unfortunately, it’s the local taxpayers that are forced to pick-up where the feds fall short.

Christian R. Cámara is Florida director and a co-founder of the R Street Institute. R Street supports free markets; limited, effective government; and responsible environmental stewardship. It strives to craft pragmatic solutions to domestic policy challenges involving regulation, public health, the environment, entitlements reform, and the federal budget.

Tags: News, Columns

Comments (2)

Barbara Lemley
3:44PM JAN 22ND 2013
The North Florida Broadband was a stimulus project that went of of control. I read your comments on Columbia County withdrawing. This is correct information. I was present at the commission meeting. I do not recall your presence at the meeting. I know most of all the persons who attend and the gathering is few. Therefore, visitors stand out. My questions is how did you obtain your information? Did you attend any of the meetings? The Columbia County Observer has covered the NFBA for over one year. Your information appears to have been derived from the Observer.
Dave Wheeler
1:07PM JAN 20TH 2013
With respect to NFBA, it appears that the Feds actually were alerted of fraud and waste and decided to let it continue. Why? I wonder if the administration did not want any negative stories out there, instead, money was wasted, fraud committed and nobody is accountable to the American Taxpayer. Founding fathers are rolling over in their graves...?

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