Education

Teacher Inequality Impacting High-Needs Students in Miami-Dade

By: Allison Nielsen | Posted: August 20, 2014 3:55 AM
Student Testing

Miami-Dade County’s most vulnerable students are more likely to be taught by the least experienced and least effective teachers, according to a new in-depth report released early Wednesday morning by The National Council on Teacher Quality.

The report, commissioned by the Urban League of Greater Miami, took a closer look at Miami-Dade school grades from the 2012-2013 school year. After analyzing school grades, NCTQ then examined whether districts with poor performances had a different composition of teachers than other districts in the county.

Teachers were evaluated by experience, retention, attendance, performance and preparation.

The NCTQ report found that out of 60 Miami schools that received a “D” or an “F” grade, 70 percent were in voting districts 1 and 2. Almost all of the students in these districts qualify for free or reduced-price lunch and most students are African-American -- the group which historically is the lowest-performing on the FCAT.

Most of the teachers with the least experience were placed in districts with the highest-need students. A staggering 60 percent of Miami-Dade’s first-year teachers were sent to districts 1 and 2 to begin their teaching careers.

Both districts saw the greatest discrepancies in the number of midcareer teachers, and district 2 in particular had a much higher rate of novice teachers.

Placing inexperienced teachers into these districts creates an overwhelming set of pressures and demands. Research has shown that new teachers are more likely to leave their schools when they are assigned to teach lower-achieving students with discipline issues. The same is not true, however, for more experienced teachers working with similar students.

“If teachers aren’t staying in their jobs in these particular schools, then they’re not gaining the experience and the knowledge they need to be more effective,” Nancy Waymack, managing director of District Policy at NCTQ, told Sunshine State News. “It’s a tough challenge to fix.”

Unsurprisingly, the teacher turnover rate in districts 1 and 2 was much higher than the district-wide average.

Teacher quality has been a hot topic across the country in recent years -- many statewide officials and legislators have pushed for higher quality teachers in order to improve teacher performance and, consequently, the student success.

“The disparity in Miami-Dade is emblematic of a nationwide failure to provide all students with experienced and effective teachers,” said T. Willard Fair, president of the Urban League of Greater Miami. “We cannot allow our schools to deny educational opportunities to our most vulnerable students.”

Addressing the issue of unequal distribution of teachers is a complicated affair, but there are a few ways NCTQ believes the problem can be fixed.

One of the solutions is to incentivize high-performing teachers to move to higher-needs schools, like those in districts 1 and 2. Incentives could be monetary or a special title recognizing teachers’ skills.

“If you’ve got a high-performing teacher there, you really want to make sure that they are recognized and valued in that school and that they’re encouraged to stay,” said Nancy Waymack.

Other possible fixes included recruiting teachers from highly-rated teaching programs and reinstating or scaling up the involuntary teacher program so districts could place teachers in schools where they were needed the most.

“There are things that take time to have an impact, but every step along the way helps,” said Waymack.

The Miami-Dade County Public Schools acknowledged the need to address these issues, but warned the data was not recent. 

"Although we acknowledge the findings presented in this study and are pleased to see that they are consistent with what we have been addressing over the past two years, the data used is outdated and only remains at the surface level of the complexities and challenges our district faces," read a statement from the M-DCPS. "We have identified these same findings far in advance of this study and, not surprising, the recommendations presented actually validate much of the efforts we have initiated to address the issues."

Waymack emphasized the seriousness of getting the best teachers into high-needs schools to help students succeed.

“It’s very important to recognize there are likely to be really good teachers in those schools now,” she told SSN. “But right now, they’re not having the impact we need them to have because those students do need to catch up to make sure they get to where they need to be.”


Reach Tampa-based report Allison Nielsen via email at allison@sunshinestatenews.com or follow her on Twitter: @AllisonNielsen

 


Comments (5)

Francina Bolden
9:21PM AUG 21ST 2014
This article is definitely insightful, however, it only reiterates the known problem of the day and continues to leave the question unanswered, "How do we get high quality education out of teachers and into the children?" My theory is to allow passionate teachers to enter the industry, even if lacking all skill sets initially, and then equipping them to teach. Passion is the energy that will open the door of knowledge supplied by teachers to be received by students daily.
Jim Otto
4:01PM AUG 21ST 2014
And Miami-Dade School Board Member Carlos Curbelo who is running for Congress is also pushing this Common Core garbage.
like sister Hillary says
3:36PM AUG 20TH 2014
At this point what difference does it make?

With co-governor's and former partners in Columbia/Hca aka Fidelity Mutual Madison, CT ;now Tenet Healthcare Rick Scott and Jeb Bush pushing Florida and the entire nation into Common Core (brother Rick Scott changed the Florida Common Core name to Florida Standards.

Imagine that power, like Obama changing ObamaCare without congressional approval.

Common Core is Copyrighted a specility with the NWO shadow government. How then can Rick Scott just up and change the name and keep the same standards.

Vote for anyone that you are 100% positive does now have a Mel Sembler or Bush hand up their back end!
Gwen Needleman
12:31PM AUG 20TH 2014
However, Miami is a metropolitan city that owns its flaws and works on them. I truly believe that this issue will be addressed and corrected. We are a city that faces its challenges directly in the eye and work towards correction.
Gwen Needleman
12:29PM AUG 20TH 2014
This report indicates that this is an established hiring / placement pattern of Miami Dade County Public Schools.

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